Introduction to FSSAI

Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (“FSSAI”) is an organization that monitors and governs the food business in India. The FSSAI was established under the Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006 (“FSS Act”) which is a consolidating statute related to food safety and regulation in India. It ensures the food products undergo quality checks thereby curtailing sale of sub-standard products. It is responsible for the Registering (“Registration”) and Licensing (“Licensing”) of the Food Business Operators (“FBO”) in India and it lays down the rules and regulation for running the food business in India.

What is the FSSAI Registration and License

An FBO requires a FSSAI License or Registration and it depends upon certain factors like the size of production, managing nature of food business activities, and range of operations etc. based on which you can take the License or Registration. In the FSSAI Registration process, the FBO will get a 14 digit number that needs to be printed on food packages.
FSSAI Registration ensures the security of food products and it is essentially a food safety certificate circulated FSSAI in India. All the manufacturers, traders, restaurants, grocery shops, importers and exporters, etc. are eligible for obtaining a FSSAI License. FSSAI Licensing assures that food products undergo specific quality checks, thereby decreasing the cases of adulteration, substandard products.

Every person commencing or carrying on any food business shall do so only with a License. However, small manufacturer who himself manufactures or sells any article of food or a petty retailer, hawker, itinerant vendor or a temporary stall holder or small scale or cottage or such other industries relating to food business or tiny food business operator shall get Registration.

Types of Registration and Licenses

Registration

Registration is required for all the FBO involved in the small-scale food business. This category covers the following businesses:

  • Manufactures or sells any article of food himself or a petty retailer, hawker, itinerant vendor or temporary stall holder; or distributes food including in any religious or social gathering except as a caterer; or
  • Other food businesses including small scale or cottage or such other industries relating to food business or tiny food businesses with an annual turnover not exceeding Rs.12 lakhs and whose:

S. No Products Capacity
1. Food Production Capacity (other than milk and milk products and meat and meat products) Upto 100 kg/litre per day
2. Procurement or handling and collection of milk Upto 500 litres of milk per day
3. Slaughtering capacity Upto 2 large animals or 10 small animals or 50 poultry birds per day

Central license

FBOs who are large manufacturers, importers, exporters dealing in large-scale food business need to obtain FSSAI License from the central government. The business falling under this category are:

S. No. Products Capacity
 1 Dairy units including milk chilling units more than 50,000 litres of liquid milk/day or 2500 MT of milk solid per annum
 2 Vegetable oil processing units and units producing vegetable oil by the process of solvent extraction and refineries including oil expeller unit installed capacity more than 2 MT per day
 3 All slaughter houses more than 50 large animals or 150 or more small animals including sheep and goats or 1000 or more poultry birds per day
 4 Meat processing units more than 500 kg of meat per day or 150 MT per annum
 5 All food processing units including relabellers and repackers more than 2 MT/day except grains, cereals and pulses milling units
 6 100 % Export Oriented Units N.A.
 7 All Importers importing food items including food ingredients and additives for commercial use. N.A.
 8 All food business operators manufacturing any article of food containing ingredients or substances or using technologies or processes or combination thereof whose safety has not been established or which do not have a history of safe use or food containing ingredients which are being introduced for the first time into the country. N.A.
 9 FBO operating in two or more states N.A.
 10 Food catering services in establishments and units under Central government Agencies N.A.

State License –

FBO with small to medium-sized manufacturing units, transporters, marketers, traders etc. having operations in only one state, require to take FSSAI License from the state government. All the FBO not falling in the above two categories and having a turnover between INR 12 lakh to INR 20 Crore shall be required to obtain License from the state licensing authority.

Why is FSSAI License/Registration needed

Every FBO involved in the manufacturing, processing, sale of food products and storage distribution must compulsorily obtain FSSAI Registration or License. In case any business which is required to get a license does not comply with such requirements under the FSS Act will be penalized with an imprisonment term up to six months and a fine up to INR 5 lakhs.

Benefits of obtaining FSSAI License/Registration

As a FBO it is advisable to procure a Registration/License from FSSAI as it not only helps you avoid any consequences of non compliance but also comes with a package of benefits.

  1. First of all, it helps in consumer awareness. Consumers are becoming more and more aware and mindful of the nature & quality of their food. Therefore, holding a valid FSSAI Registration allows to enhance the level of food credibility and chances of businesses to improve.
  2. Once you get the Registration/License you can attach the FSSAI logo to your brands logo, this brings in a lot of goodwill and brand recognition.
  3. Getting the FSSAI license/Registration is a rather simple process. While on the other hand non compliance can lead to hefty penalties and other legal complications.
  4. Streamlines all the processes starting from manufacturing to distribution up to the stage of sale of the food products in the market. This ensures that quality and food safety measures are followed and maintained across the supply chain.
  5. FSSAI Registration puts a positive influence on the production and dependability of the business. Therefore, FSSAI License/Registration gives an opportunity for a business to expand and grow.

How to get FSSAI Registration

Getting a FSSAI Registration is a very simple and straightforward process.

  1. Every FBO intending to take License/Registration shall submit a Form A (application for Registration) or Form B (application for State and Central License) as the case may be to the Food and Safety Department or by applying online on the FoSCoS portal.
  2. The application must be accompanied by the requisite documents and must be submitted to the Food and Safety Department or uploaded online on the FoSCoS portal at the time of filling up the application.
  3. This application may be accepted or it may be rejected by the Department within 7 days from the date of receipt of the application and any such rejection shall be intimated to the applicant in writing.
  4. If the application is accepted, then the department will grant a Registration certificate with the registration number and the photo of the applicant.
  5. FBO should prominently display the certificate of registration at the place of business during business hours.
  6. The Department shall issue a License to the FBO in Form C, a true copy of which shall be displayed at a prominent place at all times within the premises where the Food Business Operator carries on the food business.

Conclusion

Whether you are just starting as a FBO or are already an established name in the industry, FSSAI Registration or License is mandatory for all types of FBO in India whether you are a transporters of food products, distributor, manufacturer, hotel, home baker etc. There are 3 types of registration available depending upon the annual turnover and type of the establishments or business. It is best to obtain the FSSAI License or Registration for the several benefits that you receive.

Disclaimer:
This article has been prepared for general guidance and information on the subject matter and does not constitute professional advice or a legal opinion and are personal views of the author. The matters described herein are general in nature and have not been evaluated based on applicable laws. This article is based on information available in public domain and has not been verified for its accuracy. You should not act upon the information contained in this note without obtaining specific professional advice. No representation or warranty (express or implied) is given as to the accuracy or completeness of the information contained in this note. Treelife Consulting and its employees accept no liability, and disclaim all responsibility, for the consequences of you or anyone else acting, or refraining to act, in reliance on the information contained in this publication or for any decision based on it. Without prior permission of the author / Treelife Consulting, this note may not be quoted in whole or in part or otherwise referred to any person or in any documents.

Download Startup Guide
A guide with complete lifecycle of startup
Download
close-link

Treelife Ventures Services Private Limited.
All Rights Reserved. © 2020.