23 March 2023
Introduction to FSSAI
Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (“FSSAI”) is a statutory body that monitors and governs the food safety and regulations in India. The FSSAI was established under the Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006 (“FSS Act”). It ensures that the food products being manufactured and sold undergo quality checks thereby curtailing the sale of sub-standard products. It is responsible for the Registering (“Registration”) and Licensing (“Licensing”) of the Food Business Operators (“FBO”) in India and it lays down the rules and regulation for running the food business in India.
What is the FSSAI Registration and License
It is mandatory for every FBO to obtain a FSSAI License or Registration and it depends upon certain factors like the size of production, managing nature of food business activities, and range of operations etc. based on which you can take the License or Registration. In the FSSAI Registration process, the FBO will get a 14 digit number that needs to be printed on food packages.
FSSAI Registration ensures the security of food products and it is essentially a food safety certificate circulated FSSAI in India. All the manufacturers,establishments, traders, restaurants, grocery shops, importers and exporters, etc. are eligible for obtaining a FSSAI License. FSSAI Licensing assures that food products undergo specific quality checks, thereby decreasing the cases of adulteration, substandard products.
Every person commencing or carrying on any food business shall do so only with a License. However, a small manufacturer who himself manufactures or sells any article of food or a petty retailer, hawker, itinerant vendor or a temporary stall holder or small scale or cottage or such other industries relating to food business or tiny food business operator shall get Registration.
A basic registration is required for all the FBOs involved in small-scale food business. This category covers the following businesses:
FBO with small to medium-sized manufacturing units, establishments, transporters, marketers, traders etc. having operations in only 1 state, require to take FSSAI License from the state government. All the FBO not falling in the above two categories and having a turnover between INR 12 lakh to INR 20 Crore shall be required to obtain license from the state licensing authority.
FBOs who are large manufacturers, importers, exporters dealing in large-scale food businesses need to obtain the FSSAI License from the central government. The businesses falling under this category are the ones whose turnover exceeds INR 20 Cr.
Why is FSSAI License/Registration needed
Every FBO involved in the manufacturing, processing, sale of food products and storage distribution must compulsorily obtain FSSAI Registration or License. In case any business which is required to get a license does not comply with such requirements as per Section 63 of the FSS Act will be penalized with an imprisonment term up to 6 months and a fine which may extend to INR 5 lakhs.
Benefits of obtaining FSSAI License/Registration
As an FBO it is advisable to procure a Registration/License from FSSAI as it not only helps you avoid any consequences of non compliance but also comes with a package of benefits.
How to get FSSAI Registration
Getting a FSSAI Registration is a very simple and straightforward process.
Whether you are just starting as an FBO or are already an established name in the industry, FSSAI Registration or License is mandatory for all types of FBO in India whether you are a transporter of food products, distributor, manufacturer, hotel, home baker etc. There are 3 types of registration available depending upon the annual turnover and type of the establishments or business. It is best to obtain the FSSAI License or Registration for the several benefits that you receive.
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